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Archive for May, 2012|Monthly archive page

Chapter 10: Ford Automobiles and Industrial Design

In Uncategorized on May 1, 2012 at 4:04 am

It all started with great advances in techniques of mass production, pioneered in the automobile industry by Henry Ford; he concentrated on the production of the Model T. The first production Model T was produced on August 12, 1908. Later on, the Ford Company opened an automobile factory in Germany in 1924, and by 1929, the United States dominated most of the automobile production worldwide.

The success of the Model T and other products produced by the assembly line came from managing costs through more efficient machinery, standardized interchangeable parts and the application of techniques of scientific management to labor. This company reached a revolutionary success, with more than 15 million Model T’s produced. They delivered vehicles for personal transportation to an expanding middle and working-class market. For this particular car, all effort concentrated upon the reduction of cost and the acceleration of routine and worker productivity in the plant. It was unchanging in its design, something that weakened its sales in later on, when Chevrolet began releasing automobiles. 

One of the benefits of the company was that in time, and through credit purchase, factory workers were able to own their own Model T, turning them into consumers as well. 

Standardized production vehicles such as this one and electric appliances demonstrated he social benefits offered by the machine. 

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Information from the book and images from http://theroaringtwentieshistory.blogspot.com/2010_06_01_archive.html

Chapter 11: Charles & Ray Eames

In Uncategorized on May 1, 2012 at 4:04 am

Charles and Ray Eames were American designers, who worked in and made major contributions to modern architecture and furniture. They also worked in the fields of industrial and graphic design, fine art and film. It all started with Charles Eames studying architecture at Washington University in St. Louis. He was later hired as an artist-in-residence and instructor at the Cranbrook Academy of Art in Bloomfield Hills in Michigan. There he met Ray, where she was a student in the weaving workshop although she had first studied painting in New York. 

While they worked for the United States navy they experimented with plywood molding processes in the development of lightweight, flexible splints to treat the wounded soldiers. At the end of the war they used this technology and applied it to the molding of forms for seating. This approach to molding was three-dimensional. In the later 1940’s, they continued to experiment with molded plywood and fiberglass for furniture. At this time, fiberglass was something that was used as a lightweight and inexpensive material for aircrafts, and was later developed for use in the home and office. This showed the connection between military industrial technology and modern design. 

One of their famous pieces is the lounge chair, which relates to individual comfort, and has an abstract sculptural form. 

 

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Information from book and photos from http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/eames/bio.html

Chapter 10: Ford Automobiles and Industrial Design

In Uncategorized on May 1, 2012 at 3:24 am

It all started with great advances in techniques of mass production, pioneered in the automobile industry by Henry Ford; he concentrated on the production of the Model T. The first production Model T was produced on August 12, 1908. Later on, the Ford Company opened an automobile factory in Germany in 1924, and by 1929, the United States dominated most of the automobile production worldwide.

The success of the Model T and other products produced by the assembly line came from managing costs through more efficient machinery, standardized interchangeable parts and the application of techniques of scientific management to labor. This company reached a revolutionary success, with more than 15 million Model T’s produced. They delivered vehicles for personal transportation to an expanding middle and working-class market. For this particular car, all effort concentrated upon the reduction of cost and the acceleration of routine and worker productivity in the plant. It was unchanging in its design, something that weakened its sales in later on, when Chevrolet began releasing automobiles. 

One of the benefits of the company was that in time, and through credit purchase, factory workers were able to own their own Model T, turning them into consumers as well. 

Standardized production vehicles such as this one and electric appliances demonstrated he social benefits offered by the machine. 

Image

Image

Image

 

Information from the book and images from http://theroaringtwentieshistory.blogspot.com/2010_06_01_archive.html